Class Structure

BJJ classes can be somewhat intimidating for newcomers. Here, we will layout the basic structure of our training and describe some of the proper etiquette for practitioners of the gentle art.

Warm up

The warm up is designed to prepare your body for the rigors of training. It usually involves some running around the perimeter of the mat, some calisthenics and some jiu-jitsu specific movements.

Don’t feel self-conscious if there are certain things that you find unfamiliar or awkward. Nobody is judging you. Just try the best you can and sooner or later you will find yourself doing all the exercises with ease.

If you have any injuries that you are concerned about, we suggest you try to arrive several minutes before the class and warm up any specific part of your body that you feel requires more attention

Don’t skip the warm up. Trust in this. Sooner or later you will get injured.


This is where you will learn the moves and details of jiu-jitsu. It will usually involve your instructor demonstrating some scenarios and the responses to them. Pay attention and try to visually absorb as much as you can. You will need to concentrate. Don’t try to write anything down – it’s an inefficient way to learn during the class.

After this, you will pair off with another student to drill the techniques you learned. Most teachers suggest that you do the movement on each side, but at this stage in your development it’s better to just drill your strong side to proficiency.

If you are lost or confused by the movement, don’t be afraid to get the instructor's attention and ask for help.

Specific Sparring

Now you will be given the opportunity to use the techniques you just learned in a live situation, against a resisting opponent. Understand that this part of the class is spent sparring in a specific situation. This is usually a set position (e.g. the guard or the mount etc.) or with a restricted set of parameters (e.g. only able to use a certain attack etc.) Used effectively, specific sparring is one of the most important aspects of jiu-jitsu training.


The most vital of all drills, live sparring is what differentiates Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Boxing and other functional martial arts. Most academies do about 30 minutes of sparring towards the end of the lesson. Initially, when you have little technique and have not yet learned to move your body efficiently, you will find this incredibly exhausting. However, you can make it easier on yourself.

Our advice is this: Learn to relax as much as possible during sparring. Try not to grip too tight, as this drains you very quickly. Your grips should only be as tight as required to hold on to your opponent’s gi and no more. Also, learn to control your breathing while you are sparring. The more smooth and even your breathing, the longer you will be able to last. This translates into more matches per lesson, which results into faster progress.

Stretching – Cool Down

This is a great time to stretch because your muscles are nice and warm after the intense sparring.

Remember to exhale as you let your muscles relax into the stretch. Do not try to force the stretch too much as you risk injuring yourself. If you are very inflexible, we recommend you spend an extra 10-15 minutes after the class to work on your overly tight areas.



The use of “OSU!” or “OSS!” in Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) and other forms of martial art stems from traditional Japanese Okinawan karate. When looking at The meaning of “OSS” or “OSU”, it’s important to understand that the term has several uses ranging from a greeting to answering a question and acknowledging an opponent’s skill among other things. In fact, the term is quite versatile.

Some ways to use “OSU!” or “OSS!” include:

  • As a greeting: Many dojos use “Osu!” as a form of greeting. In fact, some dojos make it a standard practice for students to say “Osu!” while bowing when they enter the dojo. This is done again upon leaving.
  • Response to a question or instruction: the term is often used in place of “I understand”, “understood” or “yes”.
  • As a show of respect: When at tournaments, “Osu!” is said while bowing before as well as after a fight.
  • As a compliment: A fighter may use the term to acknowledge the skill an opponent shows during the execution of a technique.
  • Routine during techniques: “Osu!” is used in many dojos during the execution of basic techniques. The term is said as each technique is performed.

A commitment to continue

A student may also use the term to assure a master that he or she will continue pushing despite seeming tired, weak or in pain. This translation comes from the term “Osu no seishin” (the spirit of “Osu!”) which speaks to the strength of character that is born out of training hard.

This understanding comes from the concept that “Osu!” is a condensation of the Kanji symbols used to write “Oshi Shinobu”. “Osu!” is derived from the “Os” of the first word and the “u” at the end of the second word. In this case the meaning of “OSS” or “OSU” is essentially to preserve even under extreme duress.